Following North Korea’s announcement, the U.S. State Department echoed a similar statement it made in April calling the attempt “highly provocative.”
“A North Korean ‘satellite’ launch would be a highly provocative act that threatens peace and security in the region,” Victoria Nuland, a State Department spokesman said in a statement.
“Any North Korean launch using ballistic missile technology is in direct violation of U.N. Security Council Resolutions (UNSCRs) 1718 and 1874.”
“The UN Security Council Presidential Statement adopted unanimously on April 16, 2012 strongly condemned North Korea’s April 13 launch and expressed its determination to take action accordingly in the event of a further launch. We call on North Korea to comply fully with its obligations under all relevant UNSCRs,” the statement said.
The launch, set for Dec. 10 to 22, is likely to heighten already strained tensions with Washington and Seoul as the United States prepares for Barack Obama’s second term as U.S. president and South Korea holds its own presidential election on Dec. 19.
“Devoting scarce resources to the development of nuclear weapons and long-range missiles will only further isolate and impoverish North Korea. The path to security for North Korea lies in investing in its people and abiding by its commitments and international obligations,” the State Department statement read.
“The United States is consulting closely with its Six-Party and other key allies and partners on next steps.”
This would be North Korea’s second launch attempt under leader Kim Jong Un, who took power following his father Kim Jong Il’s death nearly a year ago. The announcement by North Korea’s space agency followed speculation overseas about stepped-up activity at North Korea’s west coast launch pad captured in satellite imagery.
A spokesman for North Korea’s Korean Committee for Space Technology said scientists have “analyzed the mistakes” made in the failed April launch and improved the precision of its Unha rocket and Kwangmyongsong satellite, according to the official Korean Central News Agency.
KCNA said the launch was a request of late leader Kim Jong Il, whose Dec. 17, 2011, death North Koreans are expected to mark with some fanfare. The space agency said the rocket would be mounted with a polar-orbiting Earth observation satellite, and maintained its right to develop a peaceful space program.
Washington considers North Korea’s rocket launches to be veiled covers for tests of technology for long-range missiles designed to strike the United States, and such tests are banned by the U.N.
North Korea has capable short- and medium-range missiles, but long-range launches in 1998, 2006, 2009 and in April of this year ended in failure. North Korea is not known to have succeeded in mounting an atomic bomb on a missile but is believed to have enough weaponized plutonium for at least half a dozen bombs, according to U.S. experts, and in 2010 revealed a uranium enrichment program that could provide a second source of material for nuclear weapons.
Six-nation negotiations on dismantling North Korea’s nuclear program in exchange for aid fell apart in early 2009.
In Seoul, South Korean officials have accused North Korea of trying to influence its presidential election with what they consider provocations meant to put pressure on voters and on the United States as the North seeks concessions. Conservative Park Geun-hye, the daughter of late President Park Chung-hee, is facing liberal Moon Jae-in in the South Korean presidential vote. Polls show the candidates in a close race.
Some analysts, however, question whether North Korean scientists have corrected whatever caused the misfire of its last rocket.
“Preparing for a launch less than a year after a failure calls into question whether the North could have analyzed and fixed whatever went wrong,” David Wright, a physicist with the Union of Concerned Scientists, wrote on the organization’s website this week.
The United States has criticized North Korea’s pursuit of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles as a threat to Asian and world security. In 2009, North Korea conducted rocket and nuclear tests within months of Obama taking office.
North Korea under its young leader has pledged to bolster its nuclear arsenal unless Washington scraps what the North calls a “hostile” policy. North Korea maintains that it is building bombs to defend itself against what it sees as a U.S. nuclear threat in the region.
Before its last two rocket launches, North Korea notified the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Maritime Organization about its intentions to launch. The two organizations haven’t responded to requests by The Associated Press for details. But South Korean officials and outside analysts say North Korea has not notified international or South Korean authorities.
The announcement comes two days after South Korea canceled what would have been the launch of its first satellite from its own territory. Scientists in Seoul cited technical difficulties. South Korea’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement that the North’s planned launch is “a grave provocation and a head-on challenge to the international community.”
North Korea’s missile and nuclear programs will be a challenge for Obama in his second term and for the incoming South Korean leader. Washington’s most recent attempt to negotiate a freeze of the North’s nuclear program and a test moratorium in exchange for food aid collapsed with the April launch.
The Korean Peninsula remains in a state of war because the 1950-53 Korean conflict ended in a truce, not a peace treaty. Washington stations nearly 30,000 troops in South Korea as a buttress against any North Korean aggression. Tens of thousands more are in nearby Japan.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.